LU52396, an inhibitor of the store-dependent (capacitative) Ca2+ influx

Emilio Clementi, Adelina Martini, Giulia Stefani, Jacopo Meldolesi, Pompeo Volpe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The effects of 1-[2-(4-fluorophenyl)cyclohexyl]-2-[4-(3-phenylalkyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-et hanol, LU52396, on a) Ca2+ influx across the plasma membrane and b) Ca2+ mobilization from intracellular rapidly-exchanging Ca2+ stores were investigated in HeLa cells and in isolated microsomal fractions derived from the cerebellum and the skeletal muscle. LU52396 was found to be a potent inhibitor (Ki of about 2 μM) of the Ca2+ influx activated by depletion of intracellular Ca2+ stores, a phenomenon referred to as store-dependent or capacitative Ca2+ influx. Such an effect, which was reversed by cell washing, was mediated neither by a depolarization of the cell, with decrease in the driving force for cation influx, nor by a change of the intracellular pH, and might therefore be due to a direct action of the drug on either the responsible channel in the plasma membrane or, less likely, on its regulatory mechanisms. Additional effects, i.e. inhibition of receptor-mediated Ca2+ influx, of Ca2+ release from intracellular stores via either inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate or ryanodine receptors, and Ca2+ reuptake into the stores via sarcoplasmic-endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPases, were also induced by the drug, however at concentrations 20-fold or more than those effective on the store-dependent influx. To our knowledge LU52396 is the first pharmacological tool that is found to be addressed with some preference to the store-dependent Ca2+ influx. It promises, therefore, to be useful for the characterization of the process, the identification of the responsible channels and, possibly, also of the molecular mechanisms through which these channels operate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-31
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology: Molecular Pharmacology
Volume289
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 15 1995

Keywords

  • Ca ATPase
  • Ca influx, store-dependent
  • Ca store
  • IP receptor
  • Ryanodine receptor
  • Second messenger-operated channel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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