Lung cancer and occupation in a population-based case-control study

Dario Consonni, Sara De Matteis, Jay H. Lubin, Sholom Wacholder, Margaret Tucker, Angela Cecilia Pesatori, Neil E. Caporaso, Pier Alberto Bertazzi, Maria Teresa Landi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The authors examined the relation between occupation and lung cancer in the large, population-based Environment And Genetics in Lung cancer Etiology (EAGLE) case-control study. In 2002-2005 in the Lombardy region of northern Italy, 2,100 incident lung cancer cases and 2,120 randomly selected population controls were enrolled. Lifetime occupational histories (industry and job title) were coded by using standard international classifications and were translated into occupations known (list A) or suspected (list B) to be associated with lung cancer. Smoking-adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were calculated with logistic regression. For men, an increased risk was found for list A (177 exposed cases and 100 controls; odds ratio=1.74, 95% confidence interval: 1.27, 2.38) and most occupations therein. No overall excess was found for list B with the exception of filling station attendants and bus and truck drivers (men) and launderers and dry cleaners (women). The authors estimated that 4.9% (95% confidence interval: 2.0, 7.8) of lung cancers in men were attributable to occupation. Among those in other occupations, risk excesses were found for metal workers, barbers and hairdressers, and other motor vehicle drivers. These results indicate that past exposure to occupational carcinogens remains an important determinant of lung cancer occurrence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)323-333
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Epidemiology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010


  • Carcinogens
  • Case-control studies
  • Industry
  • Lung neoplasms
  • Occupational health
  • Occupations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology


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