Lung cancer mortality in a district of La Spezia (Italy) exposed to air pollution from industrial plants

Stefano Parodi, Roberta Baldi, Claudia Benco, Michela Franchini, Elsa Garrone, Marina Vercelli, Floriana Pensa, Riccardo Puntoni, Vincenzo Fontana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aims and background: In the last decades, many epidemiological studies have implicated outdoor environmental carcinogens in the onset of lung cancer. The present investigation evaluated lung cancer mortality in two areas of the Province of La Spezia (Northern Italy) exposed to environmental pollution emitted by a coal-fired power station and other industrial sources, including a waste incinerator. Methods: In the two exposed areas, lung cancer mortality risk for the 1988-1996 calendar period was evaluated using the whole Province population as referent. The corresponding relative risks (RR) were estimated after controlling for age structure, urban/rural gradient and deprivation factors (occupation, education, home ownership, housing conditions and family structure) by a Poisson regression modeling. The geographic pattern of risk for the whole province was evaluated via the Besag, York and Mollié (BYM) bayesian model. Results: Persons living in urban areas showed the highest rates in both sexes. No statistically significant risk excess was found in the two exposed areas among males, after excluding rural and semi-rural zones from the analyses (RR = 1.03 and RR = 0.77). In contrast, a risk excess was observed for females in both exposed areas, which remained elevated and statistically significant (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-185
Number of pages5
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2004


  • Bayesian analysis
  • Ecological monitoring
  • Environmental pollution
  • Lung cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research

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