Aim: Recent studies have reported a high incidence of perioperative in-stent trombosis with myocardial infarction (MI), in patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery, early after coronary angioplasty and stenting. The short and long-term results of surgery for nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after prophylatic coronary angioplasty and stenting were analyzed. Methods: Prospective collected data were examined for postoperative complications and long-term survival in 16 consecutive patients who underwent mayor lung resection for NSCLC after prophylactic coronary angioplasty and stenting for significant coronary artery disease, from 2001 to 2008. One and two non-drug-eluting stents were placed in 75% or (25% of the patient, respectively. All patients had four weeks of dual antiplatelet therapy, that was discontinued 5 days prior to surgery and replaced by low molecular weight heparin. Patients were keep sedated and intubated overnight, according to our protocol. Results: There were no postoperative deaths nor MI. A patient experienced pulmonary embolism with moderate troponin release and underwent coronary angiography that showed patency of the stent. Two patients developed postoperative bleeding complications haemothorax requiring a re-thoracotomy in 1, gastric bleeding requiring blood transfusion in 1. At the mean follow-up of 30 months (range 3-95), none of the patients showed evidence of myocardial ischemia, while 5 (31%) patients died, mostly (N.=4) due to distant metastasis. The five-year survival rate was 53%. Conclusion: In contrast to previous reports, lung resection after prophylactic coronary angioplasty and stenting is a safe and effective treatment for NSCLC and myocardial ischemia. The application of a refined protocol could be the key factor for improved results.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2012|
- Coronary artery disease
- Lung neoplasms
ASJC Scopus subject areas