Lung transplant has now become a viable clinical option for the treatment of irreversible end-stage respiratory failures. The first successful single lung transplant was performed by Cooper and coworkers in Canada in 1983, and the first successful double lung transplant was performed by the same group in 1986. The history of lung transplantation is followed by a discussion of the current surgical indications for single and double lung transplants. The criteria for the evaluation and pre-operative management of potential candidates are reported. The surgical techniques used for harvesting, preserving and transplanting one or both lungs are then described, including the latest procedure of sequential bilateral lung transplantation. Almost 250 patients have undergone single or double lung transplants all over the world with a survival rate of more than 65%. Lung function and exercise tolerance have satisfactorily improved. Despite a number of problems in airway anastomosis and in diagnosis and treating rejection still to be resolved, lung transplantation is rapidly gaining ground worldwide.
|Translated title of the contribution||Lung transplantation: a clinical reality|
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Archivio Monaldi per le Malattie del Torace|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine