Single and bilateral lung transplantation represents the most recent success in the field of organ replacement. The procedure underwent a very long period of laboratory and clinical experimentation and it is still a high-risk procedure to be performed by a few highly specialized centers. At our Department of Cardiac Surgery, the preliminary experience in lung replacement was obtained by clinically applying heart-lung transplantation in patients with both vascular and parenchymal lung disease during 1991. In the following years, the indications for isolated lung transplantation were enlarged by some centers with good results; this consideration, together with the scarce availability of integral heart-lung blocks, led us to use single and bilateral lung transplantation initially for parenchymal disease and subsequently also for vascular disease. Since February 1992, 12 single lung transplantations and 12 bilateral lung transplantations have been performed at our Center. In this report the selection criteria, the preoperative characteristics and the perioperative variables of donors and recipients are discussed. Particular emphasis is given to immunosuppression treatment, diagnosis of rejection and airways suture complications. The conclusions summarize the present indications for the different types of lung transplantations according to the different preoperative diagnosis.
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - 1996|
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