Lymbic encephalitis and demyelinating sensory neuropathy in a PT with oats cell carcinoma, anti-HU and anti-gad antibodies

R. Fazio, I. Lorenzetti, L. Perego, N. Canal, R. Nemni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We describe a 46-old-man who developed subacute anxiety, confusional state with hallucination, gait ataxia, asymmetrical sensory neuropathy associated with oats cell lung carcinoma, and high titer anti-Hu antibodies in both serum and CSF. Neurophysiological studies revealed a severe demyelinating neuropathy involving preferentially sensory fibers. Clinically the patient was bed ridden. CSF revealed a clear alteration of the blood-brain barrier with increased CSF proteins (300 mg/dl). After two cycles of chemotherapy, total CT scan became negative and after 18-month follow-up was still negative. After five cycles of high dose I.V. Ig the patient was able to walk with bilateral supports. Hu antibodies became negative in serum and were markedly decreased in CSF. Mild rigidity with painful spasm in the trunk associated with diabetes mellitus was present. An immunoprecipitation assay of GAD 35 S-methionine-labeled showed the presence of anti-GAD antibodies (9.7 UI) (cut off>3 UI). Western blot analysis detected immunoreactivity only against the 67-kDa GAD subunit. Our patient is an example of antigen-driven immune response induced by carcinoma.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNeurological Sciences
Volume21
Issue number4 SUPPL.
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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Small Cell Carcinoma
Encephalitis
Anti-Idiotypic Antibodies
Gait Ataxia
Confusion
Hallucinations
Histocompatibility Antigens Class II
Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
Spasm
Blood-Brain Barrier
Serum
Immunoprecipitation
Methionine
Diabetes Mellitus
Anxiety
Western Blotting
Carcinoma
Drug Therapy
Antibodies
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

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Lymbic encephalitis and demyelinating sensory neuropathy in a PT with oats cell carcinoma, anti-HU and anti-gad antibodies. / Fazio, R.; Lorenzetti, I.; Perego, L.; Canal, N.; Nemni, R.

In: Neurological Sciences, Vol. 21, No. 4 SUPPL., 2000.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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