Lymphocyte Na,K-ATPase is reduced in aged people

Chiarella Bozzo, Maria Goria, Claudio Marengo, Saverio Marena, Fabrizio Veglia, Gianfranco Pagano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Na,K-ATPase-dependent 86Rb uptake, maximum velocity (Vmax), Michaelis constant (Km) of the uptake, and [3H]-ouabain binding were investigated in the lymphocytes of 10 elderly subjects (age > 60 years), and in 10 middle-aged (41 to 60 years) and 10 young controls (age ≤ 40 years). 86Rb uptake was reduced in elderly versus both middle-aged and young subjects (20.14 ± 3.30 v 35.60 ± 2.67, P = .002, and v 36.53 ± 4.49 nmol, P = .012), as was the number of [3H]-ouabain binding sites per cell (32,662 ± 2,215 v 40,420 ± 1,184, P = .011, and v 40,596 ± 1,349, P = .014). Vmax was reduced in elderly v young subjects (1.20 ± 0.10 v 1.64 ± 0.13, P = .034), but not versus the middle-age group (1.20 ± 0.10 v 1.54 ± 0.12 nmol · min-1, NS). Km was no different among the three groups. No differences were found between middle-aged and young subjects. Significant correlations were observed between age and Na,K-ATPase-dependent 86Rb uptake (r = -.620, P = .00009), Vmax (r = -.439, P = .024), and [3H]-ouabain binding sites (r = -.648, P = .002). Moreover, the site number was positively correlated with both uptake (r = .635, P = .002) and Vmax (r = .554, P = .011). These differences were observed both in women and men. We conclude that there is an age-dependent reduction in lymphocyte Na,K-ATPase activity, which is fully manifested over 60 years, and that this alteration is probably due to the reduced number of functional units of Na,K-ATPase in advancing age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)808-814
Number of pages7
JournalMetabolism
Volume39
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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