A flow-cytometric analysis of ascitic fluid (AF) and peripheral blood lymphocyte subpopulations (LS) was performed on 16 patients with ovarian malignancy (OM) and 5 with metastatic peritoneal carcinomatosis (MPC). AF lymphocytes are 58% of total leukocytes in OM patients, 37% in MPC patients, while blood lymphocytes are 14% and 17%, respectively. AF absolute lymphocyte count (total and individual LS) is higher in OM patients. OM patients AF lymphocytes are: T = 70%, CD4+ = -37%, CD8+ = 32% (CD4/CD8 = 1.39), B = 5%, NK cells = 4-10%, CD25+ = 20%, CD69+ = 15%, CD71+ = 3%. In MPC patients the values are generally similar, though CD4+ cells are +7%, CD8+ cells = -14% (CD4/CD8 = 3.17), CD69+ cells = -8%. Untreated OM patients have a AF total and percent lymphocyte count higher than treated ones. Among the latter, however, the CD4/CD8 ratio as well as the number of CD4+, inducer, CD25+ and CD71+ cells are higher. In terms of percent values, the most striking differences involve total T and B lymphocytes (81-87% vs 56-62%, and 10% vs 2%, respectively). With the only exception of absolute NK cell count, OM patients show no correlation between AF and peripheral blood LS pattern. These results agree only partially with data from the literature. Pathophysiologic and clinical considerations support the practical usefulness of LS analysis in AF from OM patients.
|Translated title of the contribution||Lymphocytic subpopulations in malignant ascites of ovarian origin. Flow cytometric analysis|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology