Intraperitoneal transfer of PBMC from EBV+ donors into SCID mice leads to high human Ig levels in mouse serum and B cell lymphoproliferative disease. As these events depend on the activation of coinjected human T cells, we addressed the behavior of the Th1 and Th2 subsets in this model. Production of IFN-γ, but not of Th2 cytokines such as IL-4, was detected in culture supernatants of PBMC stimulated in vitro with mouse splenocytes. Moreover, anti-CD3 stimulation of the human cells recovered from mice brought about IFN-γ, but not IL-4, synthesis; on the other hand, PCR and in situ hybridization analysis of ex vivo-recovered cells disclosed the presence of mRNA for both cytokines following in vitro restimulation, thus suggesting post-transcriptional regulation of IL-4 gene expression. When SCID mice were inoculated with PBMC from atopic donors, whose Th1/Th2 profile displays an imbalance toward Th2 cells, tumor development rates were lower, and tumor latency was higher, compared with those in mice injected with PBMC from normal donors. Isotypic analysis of human Ig in mouse serum showed the exclusive presence of IFN-γ-driven IgG subclasses; in addition, human IgE were low or undetectable in most cases. These findings indicate that following transfer into SCID mice, human Th1 lymphocytes undergo preferential activation, whereas Th2 function is down-regulated. Th1 lymphocytes probably are a major component in promoting EBV+ B cell expansion and tumor development; the individual Th1/Th2 profile could in part account for the as yet unexplained donor variability in tumor generation in this experimental model.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 1 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas