M. D. Anderson symptom inventory head neck (MDASI-HN) questionnaire: Italian language psychometric validation in head and neck cancer patients treated with radiotherapy ± systemic therapy – A study of the Italian Association of Radiotherapy and Clinical Oncology (AIRO)

Anna Viganò, Francesca De Felice, Nicola Alessandro Iacovelli, Daniela Alterio, Nadia Facchinetti, Olga Oneta, Almalina Bacigalupo, Elena Tornari, Stefano Ursino, Fabiola Paiar, Orietta Caspiani, Alessia Di Rito, Daniela Musio, Paolo Bossi, Patrizia Steca, Barbara Alicja Jereczek-Fossa, Andrea Greco, Ester Orlandi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Head and neck cancer (HNC) patients are likely to develop severe side effects, which may persist long after the end of treatment and may be responsible for decrease patient's quality of life. The M.D. Anderson Symptom Inventory- Head and Neck Module (MDASI-HN) is a questionnaire developed to detect patient's symptom burden. To conduct an Italian language psychometric validation of MDASI-HN among Italian HNC patients on behalf of the Italian Association of Radiotherapy and Clinical Oncology (AIRO) Head and Neck Working Group. Method and materials: To assess construct validity, it was performed a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) with both a five-factor solution and three-factor solution, which were compared by a chi-square difference test. The concurrent validity was evaluated by the correlation with EORTC QLQ-C30 and HN35, and it was also assessed known-group validity. The internal consistency was tested using Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Results: In total 166 patients (71.7% male) were included in the study, most of patients (56.2%) had an oropharynx cancer and received definitive chemoradiotherapy (51.2%). The chi-square difference test was significant and indicated that the five-factor solution fits the data better than the other one. Regarding CFA, all items had a significant saturation with their respective factors; besides, significant and strong correlations were found among factors. Most of the correlations between MDASI-HN factors and EORTC QLQ-C30 and HN35 were significant. It was found a good internal consistency. Conclusion: The MDASI-HN is a valid, short, and easy patient-reported outcome questionnaire which would be useful and efficient in clinical setting.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105189
JournalOral Oncology
Volume115
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • Head and neck cancer
  • Italian language
  • MDASI-HN
  • Psychometric validation
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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