Macronutrient balance and micronutrient amounts through growth and development

Giovanni Savarino, Antonio Corsello, Giovanni Corsello

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Nutrition is essential for human growth, particularly in newborns and children. An optimal growth needs a correct diet, in order to ensure an adequate intake of macronutrients and micronutrients. Macronutrients are the compounds that humans consume in largest quantities, mainly classified in carbohydrates, proteins and fats. Micronutrients are instead introduced in small quantities, but they are required for an adequate growth in the pediatric age, especially zinc, iron, vitamin D and folic acid. In this manuscript we describe the most important macro and micronutrients for children’s growth.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109
JournalItalian Journal of Pediatrics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Breast milk
  • Infant nutrient intakes
  • Iron
  • Macronutrients
  • Micronutrients
  • Nutrition
  • Pediatric growth
  • Trace elements
  • Vitamin D
  • Vitamins
  • Zinc

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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