Macrophage chemoattractant protein-1 levels in cerebrospinal fluid correlate with containment of JC virus and prognosis of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome - Associated progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy

Angela Marzoccheti, Antonella Cingolani, Simona Di Giambenedetto, Adriana Ammassari, Maria Letizia Giancola, Roberto Cauda, Andrea Antinori, Andrea De Luca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


In the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) era, the role of the inflammatory response in acquired immunodeficiency syndrom (AIDS)-related progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) remains controversial. In this study, JC virus DNA load and levels of cytokines were determined in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from 32 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1-infected patients with confirmed PML who underwent HAART; cytokines were also measured in 12 HIV-positive controls. Predictors of survival were analyzed by Cox's models. Macrophage chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 levels were significantly higher in PML patients than in controls (mean ± SD, 2.45 ± 0.64 versus 1.32 ± 0.64 log10 pg/ml, P <.0001). In PML patients, the higher concentration of MCP-1 correlated with lower JC viral load (r = -.405, P = .036). Higher concentrations of MCP-1 in CSF were associated with longer survival on HAART after adjusting for CD4 counts (for each log10 pg/ml higher, hazard ratio for death 0.28, 95% confidence interval 0.08-1.00). Predictors of shorter survival were lower baseline CD4 counts, higher JCV DNA concentrations, lower Karnofsky, and no prior HAART exposure. These results showed that higher CSF levels of MCP-1, an inflammatory cytokine were correlated with better prognosis in HAART-treated patients with PML.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-224
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of NeuroVirology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2005



  • AIDS
  • Cerebrospinal fluid
  • JC virus
  • MCP-1
  • Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
  • Viral load

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Clinical Neurology

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