Macular hole closure patterns associated with different internal limiting membrane flap techniques

Tommaso Rossi, Aldo Gelso, Ciro Costagliola, Carlandrea Trillo, Annalisa Costa, Carlo Gesualdo, Guido Ripandelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: To compare the anatomic and functional outcome of two variants of the inverted internal limiting membrane (I-ILM) flap technique for idiopathic macular holes (IMH) larger than 400 µm. Methods: Twenty-seven consecutive patients undergoing PPV for IMH were randomly assigned to different variants of I-ILM technique: the Cover group included 14 patients in which the I-ILM was folded upside-down over the MH as a single layer while the Fill group enrolled 13 patients in which the I-ILM was folded within the MH in multiple layers. Results: MH closed in 12/14 Cover and in 13/13 Fill eyes (84.6 vs. 100%, p = 0.14; n.s.). Vision at 1 month was Snellen 0.44 ± 0.17 vs. 0.28 ± 0.21 (p = 0.05) and 0.48 ± 0.20 vs. 0.37 ± 0.25 (n.s.) at 3 months. IS/OS line interruption width was 463 ± 385 vs. 602 ± 210 µm, respectively, at 1 month (n.s.) and 602 ± 210 vs. 563 ± 209 µm at 3 months (n.s.). The Cover group showed outer retina cystic changes more often (p < 0.01). MH over 700 µm closed in 0/2 and in 2/2 cases, respectively, in the Cover and Fill groups (0.045). Conclusions: Cover and Fill I-ILM techniques allowed similar closure rates and post-operative vision at 3 months. The Cover group showed better anatomical restoration and vision at 1 month while the Fill technique might be more efficient in closing larger MHs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1073-1078
Number of pages6
JournalGraefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2017


  • Inverted internal limiting membrane flap
  • Macular holes
  • Pars plana vitrectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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