Macular thickness measured by optical coherence tomography (OCT) in diabetic patients

R. Lattanzio, R. Brancato, L. Pierro, F. Bandello, B. Iaccheri, T. Fiore, G. Maestranzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE. 1) To compare macular thickness (MT) by optical coherence tomography (OCT) in diabetics and controls; 2) to assess the relationship between MT and stage of diabetic retinopathy (DR) and macular edema (ME); 3) to quantify MT changes after laser treatment for ME. METHODS. One-hundred and thirty-seven patients with diabetes mellitus (216 eyes) were admitted to the study and examined by stereo-color fundus photos, retinal fluorangiography and OCT. DR was classified as: 1) no DR (46 eyes: 21.3%); 2) background DR (66 eyes: 30.6%); 3) pre-proliferative DR (50 eyes: 23.1%); 4) proliferative DR (54 eyes: 25%). The study group was then divided into three ME groups: 1) no edema (65 eyes: 30.1%); 2) not clinically significant ME (no CSME) (45 eyes: 20.8%); 3) clinically significant macular edema (CSME) (106 eyes: 49.1%). Three-month follow-up tomograms were taken to evaluate eyes laser-treated only for ME. The control group consisted of 50 eyes of 50 non-diabetic, age- and sex-matched subjects. RESULTS. MT was 369.3±163.2 μm in diabetics and 161.9±12.9 μm in controls (p 3 months, MT before and after treatment was 468.2±83. 17 μm and 372.1±120.63 μm. CONCLUSIONS. MT was greater in diabetics than controls and tended to increase with DR and ME severity. OCT is a sensitive technique for detecting early diabetic macular abnormalities and quantifying their reduction after laser treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)482-487
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume12
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2002

Keywords

  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Fluorescein angiography
  • Laser treatment
  • Macular edema
  • Optical coherence tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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