Magnetic resonance imaging application in infantile hemangiomas and vascular malformations

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aim. The aim of this paper was to review the role of modern diagnostic imaging in the evaluation of patients with vascular anomalies: hemangiomas and vascular malformations. Methods. We have analyzed 20 pediatric patients using the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and the magnetic resonance angiography. For each pathology, we have compared the literature findings with our clinical cases. Results. MRI leaves some doubts in the diagnosis of 2 types of lesions. The first type concerns the high-flow lesions: in this case the differential diagnosis among a small arteriovenous fistula, a hemangioma in the proliferation phase, a venous malformation with high feeding arteries and an arteriovenous malformation in the preclinical phase can be impossible. The second type concerns the low-flow lesions, in which the diagnosis of combined vascular malformations such as venolymphatic malformations can be very difficult. Conclusion. Nowadays, MRI is the best technology in order to provide information about type, location and extension of this type of lesions. It is not invasive neither dangerous, does not require the use of ionizing radiations, and presents minimum disadvantages as sedation. Nevertheless, MRI alone is not sufficient to provide the necessary informations for the diagnosis and treatment of all vascular anomalies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)491-496
Number of pages6
JournalGiornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia
Volume140
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Fingerprint

Vascular Malformations
Hemangioma
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Blood Vessels
Magnetic Resonance Angiography
Arteriovenous Malformations
Arteriovenous Fistula
Diagnostic Imaging
Ionizing Radiation
Differential Diagnosis
Arteries
Pediatrics
Pathology
Technology
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Arteriovenous malformations
  • Child
  • Hemangioma
  • Magnetic resonance imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

Cite this

@article{06b8193eac5e4684ba5f260c9ddb1811,
title = "Magnetic resonance imaging application in infantile hemangiomas and vascular malformations",
abstract = "Aim. The aim of this paper was to review the role of modern diagnostic imaging in the evaluation of patients with vascular anomalies: hemangiomas and vascular malformations. Methods. We have analyzed 20 pediatric patients using the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and the magnetic resonance angiography. For each pathology, we have compared the literature findings with our clinical cases. Results. MRI leaves some doubts in the diagnosis of 2 types of lesions. The first type concerns the high-flow lesions: in this case the differential diagnosis among a small arteriovenous fistula, a hemangioma in the proliferation phase, a venous malformation with high feeding arteries and an arteriovenous malformation in the preclinical phase can be impossible. The second type concerns the low-flow lesions, in which the diagnosis of combined vascular malformations such as venolymphatic malformations can be very difficult. Conclusion. Nowadays, MRI is the best technology in order to provide information about type, location and extension of this type of lesions. It is not invasive neither dangerous, does not require the use of ionizing radiations, and presents minimum disadvantages as sedation. Nevertheless, MRI alone is not sufficient to provide the necessary informations for the diagnosis and treatment of all vascular anomalies.",
keywords = "Arteriovenous malformations, Child, Hemangioma, Magnetic resonance imaging",
author = "C. Gelmetti and I. Moglia and L. Restano",
year = "2005",
language = "English",
volume = "140",
pages = "491--496",
journal = "Minerva dermatologica",
issn = "0392-0488",
publisher = "Edizioni Minerva Medica S.p.A.",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Magnetic resonance imaging application in infantile hemangiomas and vascular malformations

AU - Gelmetti, C.

AU - Moglia, I.

AU - Restano, L.

PY - 2005

Y1 - 2005

N2 - Aim. The aim of this paper was to review the role of modern diagnostic imaging in the evaluation of patients with vascular anomalies: hemangiomas and vascular malformations. Methods. We have analyzed 20 pediatric patients using the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and the magnetic resonance angiography. For each pathology, we have compared the literature findings with our clinical cases. Results. MRI leaves some doubts in the diagnosis of 2 types of lesions. The first type concerns the high-flow lesions: in this case the differential diagnosis among a small arteriovenous fistula, a hemangioma in the proliferation phase, a venous malformation with high feeding arteries and an arteriovenous malformation in the preclinical phase can be impossible. The second type concerns the low-flow lesions, in which the diagnosis of combined vascular malformations such as venolymphatic malformations can be very difficult. Conclusion. Nowadays, MRI is the best technology in order to provide information about type, location and extension of this type of lesions. It is not invasive neither dangerous, does not require the use of ionizing radiations, and presents minimum disadvantages as sedation. Nevertheless, MRI alone is not sufficient to provide the necessary informations for the diagnosis and treatment of all vascular anomalies.

AB - Aim. The aim of this paper was to review the role of modern diagnostic imaging in the evaluation of patients with vascular anomalies: hemangiomas and vascular malformations. Methods. We have analyzed 20 pediatric patients using the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and the magnetic resonance angiography. For each pathology, we have compared the literature findings with our clinical cases. Results. MRI leaves some doubts in the diagnosis of 2 types of lesions. The first type concerns the high-flow lesions: in this case the differential diagnosis among a small arteriovenous fistula, a hemangioma in the proliferation phase, a venous malformation with high feeding arteries and an arteriovenous malformation in the preclinical phase can be impossible. The second type concerns the low-flow lesions, in which the diagnosis of combined vascular malformations such as venolymphatic malformations can be very difficult. Conclusion. Nowadays, MRI is the best technology in order to provide information about type, location and extension of this type of lesions. It is not invasive neither dangerous, does not require the use of ionizing radiations, and presents minimum disadvantages as sedation. Nevertheless, MRI alone is not sufficient to provide the necessary informations for the diagnosis and treatment of all vascular anomalies.

KW - Arteriovenous malformations

KW - Child

KW - Hemangioma

KW - Magnetic resonance imaging

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33745393984&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33745393984&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:33745393984

VL - 140

SP - 491

EP - 496

JO - Minerva dermatologica

JF - Minerva dermatologica

SN - 0392-0488

IS - 5

ER -