Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Cerebral Micro-embolizations During Minimally Invasive Mitral Valve Surgery

Cristina Barbero, Mauro Rinaldi, Giovanni Marchetto, Maria Consuelo Valentini, Erik Cura Stura, Giovanni Bosco, Marco Pocar, Claudia Filippini, Massimo Boffini, Davide Ricci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Abstract: The role of aortic clamping techniques on the occurrence of neurological complications after right mini-thoracotomy mitral valve surgery is still debated. Brain injuries can occur also as silent cerebral micro-embolizations (SCM), which have been linked to significant deficits in physical and cognitive functions. Aims of this study are to evaluate the overall rate of SCM and to compare endoaortic clamp (EAC) with trans-thoracic clamp (TTC). Patients enrolled underwent a pre-operative, a post-operative, and a follow-up MRI. Forty-three patients were enrolled; EAC was adopted in 21 patients, TTC in 22 patients. Post-operative SCM were reported in 12 cases (27.9%). No differences between the 2 groups were highlighted (23.8% SCM in the EAC group versus 31.8% in the TTC). MRI analysis showed post-operative SCM in nearly 30% of selected patients after right mini-thoracotomy mitral valve surgery. Subgroup analysis on different types of aortic clamping showed comparable results. Clinical Relevance: The rate of SCM reported in the present study on patients undergoing minimally invasive MVS and RAP is consistent with data in the literature on patients undergoing cardiac surgery through median sternotomy and antegrade arterial perfusion. Moreover, no differences were reported between EAC and TTC: both the aortic clamping techniques are safe, and the choice of the surgical setting to adopt can be really done according to the patient’s characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Translational Research
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Cardiac disease
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Mitral valve
  • Mitral valve regurgitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Genetics
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Genetics(clinical)

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