Main pancreatic duct, common bile duct and sphincter of Oddi structure visualized by optical coherence tomography: An ex vivo study compared with histology

P. A. Testoni, A. Mariani, B. Mangiavillano, L. Albarello, P. G. Arcidiacono, E. Masci, C. Doglioni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Optical coherence tomography has been proposed to obtain high-resolution imaging of tissue structure of GI tract. Up till now, the optical coherence tomography appearance of the common bile duct, main pancreatic duct and sphincter of Oddi wall structure has not yet been defined. Aims: To compare, in a prospective study, optical coherence tomography images of pancreato-biliary ductal system with histology and identify the optical coherence tomography pattern of the normal wall structure of the ducts. Methods: Multiple sections of non-neoplastic segments of five consecutive ex vivo human pancreatic specimens were investigated by optical coherence tomography scanning within 1 h of resection. Sixty optical coherence tomography images were compared with the corresponding histological findings. Results: Optical coherence tomography appearance of normal common bile duct, main pancreatic duct and sphincter of Oddi is characterized by a differentiated three-layer architecture with a regular surface and a homogeneous back-scattered signal, corresponding to the single layer of epithelial cells, the connective-muscular layer and the muscular or acinar structure, respectively. Optical coherence tomography and histology findings were concordant in all cases. Conclusions: Optical coherence tomography was able to provide in real-time images of wall structure of the normal common bile duct, main pancreatic duct and sphincter of Oddi that are similar to those obtained by histology. These results suggest that optical coherence tomography could enable high-resolution images to be obtained from the pancreato-biliary system during an ERCP procedure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)409-414
Number of pages6
JournalDigestive and Liver Disease
Volume38
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2006

Keywords

  • Common bile duct
  • Main pancreatic duct
  • Optical coherence tomography
  • Sphincter of Oddi structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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