Main traumatic events in Europe: PTSD in the European study of the epidemiology of mental disorders survey

Jean Michel Darves-Bornoz, Jordi Alonso, Giovanni de Girolamo, Ron de Graaf, Josep Maria Haro, Viviane Koves-Masfety, Jean Pietre Lepine, Gaëlle Nachbaur, Laurence Negre-Pages, Gemma Vilagut, Isabelle Gasquet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A potentially traumatic event (PTE) contributes to trauma through its frequency, conditional probability of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and experience of other PTEs. A cross-sectional survey was conducted, enrolling 21,425 adults nationally representative of six European countries. Using the WHO-Composite International Diagnostic Interview, 8,797 were interviewed on 28 PTEs and PTSD. Prevalence of 12-month PTSD was 1.1%. When PTSD was present, the mean number of PTEs experienced was 3.2. In a multivariate analysis on PTEs and gender, six PTEs were found to be more traumatic, and to explain a large percentage of PTSD, as estimated by their attributable risk of PTSD: rape, undisclosed private event, having a child with serious illness, beaten by partner, stalked, beaten by caregiver.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)455-462
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Traumatic Stress
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

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    Darves-Bornoz, J. M., Alonso, J., de Girolamo, G., de Graaf, R., Haro, J. M., Koves-Masfety, V., Lepine, J. P., Nachbaur, G., Negre-Pages, L., Vilagut, G., & Gasquet, I. (2008). Main traumatic events in Europe: PTSD in the European study of the epidemiology of mental disorders survey. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 21(5), 455-462. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.20357