Maintained autonomic responses to moderate exercise in hypertensive patients treated with lacidipine

Daniela Lucini, Patrizia Strappazzon, Fabrizio Colombo, Alberto Malliani, Massimo Pagani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective. Excessive adrenergic responses have been reported in hypertensive patients treated with short-acting dihydropiridine calcium channel antagonists that might worsen cardiovascular risk. In this study we addressed whether lacidipine, a long-acting dihydropiridine, increases the sympathetic excitation produced by moderate dynamic exercise. Design. Because of the wide changes in autonomic drive during everyday life, the possible influence of antihypertensive regimens should be assessed not only at rest but also during spontaneous, behaviourally induced alterations of sympathovagal balance. This study was designed to test whether treatment with lacidipine might alter the autonomic response to supine moderate dynamic exercise. Methods. We studied 16 moderate hypertensive patients (arterial pressure 151/102 mmHg) at rest and during 30%, of nominal maximum recumbent bicycle exercise. The low frequency spectral component of RR interval and of systolic variability (Finapres) furnished markers of sympathetic modulation of the sinoatrial node and of the vasculature, respectively. Studies were performed during placebo and active treatment (lacidipine 4 mg per day). Results. Lacidipine treatment significantly reduces arterial pressure values at rest and during moderate dynamic exercise, without affecting RR interval and systolic arterial pressure variabilities, both at rest and during moderate exercise. Conclusions. In conclusion, spectral analysis of RR interval and systolic arterial pressure variabilities indicate that antihypertensive treatment with lacidipine is not associated to an excessive sympathetic drive during moderate exercise.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1751-1754
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Hypertension
Volume15
Issue number12 II
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1997

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Keywords

  • Autonomic nervous system
  • Cardiovascular risk profile
  • Dihydropiridine calcium channel blockers
  • Hypertension
  • Spectral analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology

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