Maintenance therapy with pemetrexed plus best supportive care versus placebo plus best supportive care after induction therapy with pemetrexed plus cisplatin for advanced non-squamous non-small-cell lung cancer (PARAMOUNT): A double-blind, phase 3, randomised controlled trial

Luis Paz-Ares, Filippo de Marinis, Mircea Dediu, Michael Thomas, Jean Louis Pujol, Paolo Bidoli, Olivier Molinier, Tarini Prasad Sahoo, Eckart Laack, Martin Reck, Jesús Corral, Symantha Melemed, William John, Nadia Chouaki, Annamaria H. Zimmermann, Carla Visseren-Grul, Cesare Gridelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Patients with advanced non-squamous non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) benefit from pemetrexed maintenance therapy after induction therapy with a platinum-containing, non-pemetrexed doublet. The PARAMOUNT trial investigated whether continuation maintenance with pemetrexed improved progression-free survival after induction therapy with pemetrexed plus cisplatin. Methods: In this double-blind, multicentre, phase 3, randomised placebo-controlled trial, patients with advanced non-squamous NSCLC aged 18 years or older, with no previous systemic chemotherapy for lung cancer, with at least one measurable lesion, and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1 participated. Before randomisation, patients entered an induction phase which consisted of four cycles of induction pemetrexed (500 mg/m 2) plus cisplatin (75 mg/m 2) on day 1 of a 21-day cycle. Patients who did not progress after completion of four cycles of induction and who had an ECOG performance status of 0 or 1 were stratified according to disease stage (IIIB or IV), ECOG performance status (0 or 1), and induction response (complete or partial response, or stable disease), and randomly assigned (2:1 ratio) to receive maintenance therapy with either pemetrexed (500 mg/m 2 every 21 days) plus best supportive care or placebo plus best supportive care until disease progression. Randomisation was done with the Pocock and Simon minimisation method. Patients and investigators were masked to treatment assignment. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival in the intention-to-treat population. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT00789373. Findings: Of the 1022 patients enrolled, 939 participated in the induction phase. Of these, 539 patients were randomly assigned to receive continuation maintenance with pemetrexed plus best supportive care (n=359) or with placebo plus best supportive care (n=180). Among the 359 patients randomised to continuation maintenance with pemetrexed, there was a significant reduction in the risk of disease progression over the placebo group (HR 0·62, 95% CI 0·49-0·79; p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-255
Number of pages9
JournalThe Lancet Oncology
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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    Paz-Ares, L., de Marinis, F., Dediu, M., Thomas, M., Pujol, J. L., Bidoli, P., Molinier, O., Sahoo, T. P., Laack, E., Reck, M., Corral, J., Melemed, S., John, W., Chouaki, N., Zimmermann, A. H., Visseren-Grul, C., & Gridelli, C. (2012). Maintenance therapy with pemetrexed plus best supportive care versus placebo plus best supportive care after induction therapy with pemetrexed plus cisplatin for advanced non-squamous non-small-cell lung cancer (PARAMOUNT): A double-blind, phase 3, randomised controlled trial. The Lancet Oncology, 13(3), 247-255. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1470-2045(12)70063-3