Major and Minor Classifications for Surgery in People With Hemophilia: A Literature Review

Luigi Piero Solimeno, Miguel A. Escobar, Snejana Krassova, Stephanie Seremetis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Agents that control bleeding and the usage of bypassing agents have made surgery an option to consider in people with hemophilia. However, the lack of consistent definitions for major or minor surgery may lead to inconsistencies in patient management. This literature review has evaluated how surgical procedures in people with hemophilia were categorized as major or minor surgery and assessed the consistency across publications. After screening 926 potentially relevant articles, 547 were excluded and 379 full-text articles were reviewed. Ninety-five articles categorized major or minor surgical procedures; of these, 35 publications categorized three or more major or minor surgical procedures and were included for analysis. Seven (20%) publications provided varying criteria for defining major or minor surgery, five of which defined surgery according to the level of surgical invasiveness. Across all 35 publications, there was considerable variance in the categorization of major and minor surgical procedures and some overlap in surgical nomenclature (eg, type of synovectomy, arthroscopy, and central venous access device insertion/removals). The lack of consistent guidance when referring to major or minor surgery in people with hemophilia needs to be addressed. Clear and consistent definitions, achieved by consensus and promoted by relevant international hemophilia committees, are desirable, to provide guidance on appropriate treatment, to increase the accuracy of trial data and may confound the interpretation of surgical outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)549-559
Number of pages11
JournalClinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2018


  • categorization
  • hemophilia
  • major surgery
  • minor surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology


Dive into the research topics of 'Major and Minor Classifications for Surgery in People With Hemophilia: A Literature Review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this