Major histocompatibility complex class I-specific receptors on human natural killer and T lymphocytes

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Abstract

Human NK cells express several specialized inhibitory receptors that recognize major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules expressed on normal cells. The lack of expression of one or more HLA class I alleles leads to NK-mediated target cell lysis. Receptors specific for groups of HLA-C (p58), HLA-B (p70) and HLA-A (p140) alleles belong to the Ig superfamily with two or three Ig-like domains in their extracellular portion, and a long cytoplasmic tail containing ITIM motifs and associated with a non-polar transmembrane portion. In contrast, the CD94/ NKGZ-A receptor complex is composed of type II proteins with a C-type lectin domain which displays a more broad specificity for different class I alleles. Recently activatory forms of the HLA-C-specific receptors have been identified in some donors. They are virtually identical to the inhibitory forms in their extracellular portions, but display a short cytoplasmic tail lacking ITIM motifs associated with a Lys-containing transmembrane portion (p50). A subset of activated T-lymphocytes, primarily CD8+ and oligoclonal or monoclonal in nature, express NK-type class I-specific receptors. These receptors exert an inhibitory activity on T-cell receptor-mediated functions and may provide an important mechanism of down-regulation of T-cell responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-117
Number of pages13
JournalImmunological Reviews
Volume155
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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