Major liver resections synchronous with colorectal surgery

Lorenzo Capussotti, Alessandro Ferrero, Luca Viganò, Dario Ribero, Roberto L. Tesoriere, Roberto Polastri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Surgical strategy in liver metastases synchronous to colorectal cancer remains controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate feasibility and short-term outcomes of major hepatectomies synchronous to colorectal surgery. Methods: Between January 1985 and December 2004, 79 patients underwent major hepatectomy for metastases synchronous to colorectal cancer; 31 underwent synchronous hepatectomy and colorectal surgery, and 48 underwent delayed liver resection. Results: The synchronous group had a higher rate of right colectomy (38.7% vs. 18.8%, P = .0499) and larger metastases (8 vs. 5.3 cm, P = .0032). Mortality (one patient in synchronous group), morbidity, and anastomotic leak rates were similar in the two groups. Colon-related morbidity did not cause adjunctive liver complications. Hospitalization in delayed hepatectomies was shorter (10.4 days vs. 13.9 days, P = .0021). Blood and plasma transfusions were higher in synchronous resections (41.9% vs. 16.7%, P = .0131 and 54.8% vs. 31.3%, P = .0370); no differences were found in the last 10 years. Considering both surgical procedures (colorectal + liver resection), in delayed hepatectomies, morbidity was higher (56.3% vs. 32.6%, P = .0369) and hospitalization was longer (20.5 vs. 13.9 days, P = .00001). Nine patients underwent major hepatectomy at the same time as anterior rectal resection with no mortality (morbidity 22.2%, mean hospitalization 12.4 days). Conclusions: Major hepatectomies can be safely performed at the same time as colorectal surgery in selected patients with synchronous metastases with similar short-term results, even in the presence of rectal cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-201
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Surgical Oncology
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2007

Keywords

  • Colorectal liver metastases
  • Liver surgery
  • Synchronous liver metastases
  • Synchronous liver resection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Surgery

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