Malformations of cortical development: Genetic aspects

Renzo Guerrini, Elena Parrini

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The development of the human cerebral cortex is a complex dynamic process that occurs during several gestational weeks [1]. During the first stage, stem cells proliferate and differentiate into young neurons or glial cells deep in the forebrain in the ventricular and subventricular zones lining the cerebral cavity. During the second stage, cortical neurons migrate away from their place of origin: most cells migrate along the radial glial fibres from the periventricular region towards the pial surface, where each successive generation passes one another and settles in an inside-out pattern within the cortical plate. When neurons reach their destination, they stop migrating and order themselves into specific “architectonic” patterns guiding cells to the correct location in the cerebral cortex. This third phase involves final organization within the typical six layers of cortex, associated with synaptogenesis and apoptosis.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNeonatology: A Practical Approach to Neonatal Diseases
PublisherSpringer-Verlag Milan
Pages1131-1136
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9788847014053, 9788847014046
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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