Objectives: The aim of our study was to evaluate the clinicopathological features and prognostic factors of uterine carcinosarcoma. Patients and Methods: In this retrospective study, the clinical characteristics of 44 patients with uterine MMMT were evaluated. Survival curves were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by the log-rank test. Results: Forty-four patients with uterine carcinosarcoma were referred to our unit between 1995 and 2015. Their median age was 66.5 years. All women underwent total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. Twenty-five percent had omental resection. Pelvic lymphadenectomy was performed in 18.2% of the cases. Twenty-six of the patients presented with stage I/II disease, 17 with advanced stages. In 20.5% of the cases there were metastases at diagnosis. Forty women received adjuvant chemotherapy, with complete remission in 67.9% of the cases. Recurrences were observed in 27.3% of the women. Disease-free and overall survival was 27 and 103 months, respectively. The FIGO stage, histological type, tumour size, chemotherapy regimen, pelvic lymphadenectomy, and myometrial invasion did not affect survival. Conclusions: Uterine MMMT is an aggressive tumour, often diagnosed at an advanced stage and with a high rate of metastases or recurrences. Because of its rarity, its management is controversial and fixed prognostic factors cannot be defined.
- Malignant mixed müllerian tumour
- Prognostic factors
- Uterine carcinosarcoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research