Malignant testicular germ cell tumors in children and adolescents: The AIEOP (Associazione Italiana Ematologia Oncologia Pediatrica) protocol

Monica Terenziani, Maria D De Pasquale, Gianni Bisogno, Davide Biasoni, Renata Boldrini, Paola Collini, Massimo Conte, Patrizia Dall'Igna, Alessandro Inserra, Fraia Melchionda, Fortunato Siracusa, Filippo Spreafico, Francesco Barretta, Paolo D'Angelo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: We report the results of an Associazione Italiana Ematologia Oncologia Pediatrica (AIEOP) study on the treatment of testicular germ cell tumors (TGCT) with a pediatric PEB (pPEB) regimen (cisplatin 25 mg/m2 daily on days 1-4; etoposide 100 mg/m2 daily on days 1-4; bleomycin 15 mg/m2 on day 2, once per cycle).

METHODS AND MATERIALS: Male patients under 18 years old with malignant TGCT were enrolled for a second national prospective protocol. All patients underwent orchiectomy at diagnosis. Those with Stage I received no chemotherapy; those with Stage II-III disease received three cycles of pPEB; and those with Stage IV received four cycles. After chemotherapy, resection of radiologically-evident residual disease was recommended. The main study end-points were overall survival and relapse-free survival.

RESULTS: Ninety-nine boys from 0.5 to 17.8 years old (median 15.4 years) were evaluable, and staged as follows: 58 Stage I (59%), 7 Stage II (7%), 14 Stage III (14%), and 20 Stage IV (20%). With a median follow-up of 59 months (range 4-165 months), 5-year relapse-free survival (95% CI) was 73% (65%-83%) for the whole sample, 65% (53%-79%) for Stage I patients, and 86% (75%-98%) for Stage II-IV patients. Five-year overall survival (95% CI) was 99% (97%-100%).

CONCLUSIONS: We confirmed a good prognosis for malignant TGCT in children and adolescents. Reducing the number of chemotherapy cycles for Stage II-III disease does not seem to negatively affect survival outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalUrologic Oncology
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Sep 21 2018

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