Malnutrition and physical performance in nursing home residents: results from the INCUR study

Sarah Damanti, Philipe de Souto Barreto, Yves Rolland, Paolo Astrone, Matteo Cesari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We investigated the association between the risk of malnutrition, assessed through the Mini Nutritional Assessment–Short Form (MNA-SF), and physical performance, measured with the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), in nursing home residents. Moreover, we evaluated which MNA-SF items were most related to the SPPB and the association of the MNA-SF with each SPPB subtest. A total of 499 older people enrolled in the Incidence of pNeumonia and related ConseqUences in nursing home Residents cohort study were examined. Higher scores of MNA-SF were associated with better physical performance (in particular with gait speed). Food intake deficiency, mobility impairment, and recent psychological stress or acute disease were the items of the MNA-SF most associated with the SPPB. In nursing home residents, the MNA-SF and three of its sub-items were significantly correlated with physical performance, independently of potential confounders. In particular, the association was evident for the gait speed subtask of the SPPB.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAging clinical and experimental research
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Malnutrition
  • Nursing homes
  • Older people
  • Physical performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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