Malnutrition and physical performance in nursing home residents: results from the INCUR study

Sarah Damanti, Philipe de Souto Barreto, Yves Rolland, Paolo Astrone, Matteo Cesari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We investigated the association between the risk of malnutrition, assessed through the Mini Nutritional Assessment–Short Form (MNA-SF), and physical performance, measured with the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), in nursing home residents. Moreover, we evaluated which MNA-SF items were most related to the SPPB and the association of the MNA-SF with each SPPB subtest. A total of 499 older people enrolled in the Incidence of pNeumonia and related ConseqUences in nursing home Residents cohort study were examined. Higher scores of MNA-SF were associated with better physical performance (in particular with gait speed). Food intake deficiency, mobility impairment, and recent psychological stress or acute disease were the items of the MNA-SF most associated with the SPPB. In nursing home residents, the MNA-SF and three of its sub-items were significantly correlated with physical performance, independently of potential confounders. In particular, the association was evident for the gait speed subtask of the SPPB.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2299-2303
JournalAging clinical and experimental research
Volume33
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Malnutrition
  • Nursing homes
  • Older people
  • Physical performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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