Preoperative complete nutritional assessment (NA) was performed in 58 surgical cancer patients and 21 controls to determine the relative value of NA parameters in predicting increased susceptibility to infections. In the cancer patients % usual body weight, % arm muscle circumference, hemoglobin, albumin, ceruloplasmin, retinol binding protein and delayed hypersensitivity response (DHR) to skin tests were significantly different from controls (from P <0.05 to P <0.001). Ceruloplasmin (P <0.01) and DHR (P <0.02) were the only useful tests for predicting the development of postoperative infections. Statistical analysis demonstrates that the duration of anesthesia, the operative field contamination and the stage of the neoplastic disease are other important causative factors which, if associated with malnutrition, may determine a higher susceptibility to infections in surgical cancer patients.
|Translated title of the contribution||Malnutrition and postoperative infections in neoplastic patients|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 1981|
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