Management of breast cancer after Hodgkin's lymphoma and paediatric cancer

M. Terenziani, M. Massimino, D. Magazzù, L. Gandola, G. Capri, M. L. Carcangiu, S. Catania, A. Di Russo, M. Gennaro, C. Meazza, M. Podda, E. Schiavello, P. Valagussa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Abstract Rationale The risk of women developing a breast cancer (BC) after receiving chest radiotherapy for paediatric cancers and Hodgkin lymphomas is well established. The aim of this study was to assess these patients' clinical characteristics and clinical outcomes. Methods The study concerns women with a history of primary neoplasms treated with chest irradiation ± chemotherapy and subsequently diagnosed with BC. Results We identified 78 women who developed BC (invasive in 68 cases, 87%). They were a median 18 and 38 years of age when their first neoplasm and BC were diagnosed, respectively. Breast-conserving surgery was performed in 39 patients, and 32 underwent breast irradiation. Twenty of the 41 patients (49%) treated with chemotherapy received an anthracycline-containing regimen. The 5- and 11-year event free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) rates were 69% and 42%, respectively. Nine patients (12%) developed a third cancer and 18 (23%) a cardiovascular event. Of the 68 women with invasive BC, the first event involved contralateral BC in 55% of cases: time to progression (TTP) rates were 70% and 47% at 5 and 11 years. The 5- and 11-year BC-specific survival rates (BCSS) were 84% and 68%, respectively. Conclusions Judging from our experience, survival rates after BC developing in women previously given chest radiotherapy are not dissimilar to those observed in other women with primary BC. Given the far from negligible risk of subsequent cancers and cardiovascular events, it is mandatory to discuss the best choice of treatment for such patients in terms of their chances of cure and quality of life, and also the risks of late sequelae.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9498
Pages (from-to)1667-1674
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer
Volume51
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 8 2015

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Hodgkin's lymphoma
  • Paediatric cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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