Purpose: To evaluate the effect of a rehabilitation programme including the management of catastrophising and kinesiophobia on disability, dysfunctional thoughts, pain, and the quality of life in patients after lumbar fusion for degenerative spondylolisthesis and/or lumbar spinal stenosis. Methods: This was a parallel-group, randomised, superiority-controlled study in which 130 patients were randomly assigned to a programme consisting of exercises and cognitive-behavioural therapy (experimental group, 65 subjects) or exercises alone (control group, 65 subjects). Before treatment (T1), 4 weeks later (post-treatment analysis, T2) and 12 months after the end of treatment (followup, T3), all the patients completed a booklet containing the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI, primary outcome), the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia, the Pain Catastrophising Scale, a pain Numerical Rating Scale, and the Short-Form Health Survey. A linear mixed model for repeated measures was used for each outcome measure. Results: The ODI linear mixed model revealed significant main effects of group (F(1,122.8) = 95.78, p <0.001) and time (F(2,120.1) = 432.02, p <0.001) in favour of the experimental group. There was a significant group x time interaction effect (F(2,120.1) = 20.37, p <0.001). The analyses of all of the secondary outcome measures revealed a significant effect of time, group and interaction in favour of the experimental group. Conclusion: The rehabilitation programme, including the management of catastrophising and kinesiophobia, was superior to the exercise programme in reducing disability, dysfunctional thoughts, and pain, and enhancing the quality of life of patients after lumbar fusion for degenerative spondylolisthesis and/or LSS. The effects lasted for at least 1 year after the intervention ended.
- Lumbar fusion
- Lumbar stenosis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine