Purpose: The work was aimed at presenting the indications, techniques and results of the percutaneous transjejunal approach to the biliary tree in patients with hepatobiliary complications due to surgery. Patients and methods: Ten patients, 7 males and 3 females, mean age 50 years (range, 10- 62) with hepatico-jejunostomy, who developed cholangitis together with jaundice or bile leakage, underwent this procedure, performed through the anastomotic loop that was not surgically anchored to the abdominal wall in all cases but one. The transjejunal approach was chosen because of non- dilated bile ducts in 3 patients, complex pathologic situations in 5 patients and to avoid complications to a transplanted liver in 2 patients. The jejunal loop was identified using CT, US and fluoroscopy in 4 patients and after its opacification in the remaining 6 (by percutaneous transhepatic or intravenous cholangiography or fistulography). Results: The procedure was technically and diagnostically successful in all cases. Therapeutic procedures (stenting, dilation, litholysis) were also performed using the transjejunal approach in 7 patients and in 6 of them complete pathological resolution was achieved. There were no complications. Conclusions: Different pathologies of the biliary tree, in patients with bilio-enteric anastomoses, have been identified and treated by this technique; the were fistulas, anastomotic and/or multiple segmental benign or malignant stenoses of the bile duct, and diffuse intrahepatic lithiasis. The procedure was safe and reliable.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 1997|
- Biliary drainage
- Percutaneous transjejunal bile drainage
- Transjejunal biliary access
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research