Management of critically ill patients with coviD-19: suggestions and instructions from the coordination of intensive care units of lombardy

COVID-19 Lombardy ICU Network, Giuseppe Foti, Alberto Giannini, Nicola Bottino, gian Paolo Castelli, Maurizio Cecconi, Giacomo Grasselli, Luca gUatteri, Nicola Latronico, Thomas Langer, Giacomo Monti, Stefano MUttini, Antonio Pesenti, Danilo raDriZZani, Marco ranUcci, Vincenzo rUssotto, Roberto FUMagalli

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


With 63,098 confirmed cases on 17 April 2020 and 11,384 deaths, Lombardy has been the most affected region in Italy by coronavirus disease 2019 (coviD-19). to cope with this emergency, the coviD-19 lombardy intensive care units (ICU) network was created. The network identified the need of defining a list of clinical recommendations to standardize treatment of patients with COVID-19 admitted to Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Three core topics were identified: 1) rational use of intensive care resources; 2) ventilation strategies; 3) non-ventilatory interventions. Identification of patients who may benefit from ICU treatment is challenging. Clinicians should consider baseline performance and frailty status and they should adopt disease-specific staging tools. Continuous positive airway pressure, mainly delivered through a helmet as elective method, should be considered as initial treatment for all patients with respiratory failure associated with coviD-19. in case of persisting dyspnea and/or desaturation despite 4-6 hours of noninvasive ventilation, endotracheal intubation and invasive mechanical ventilation should be considered. in the early phase, muscle relaxant use and volume-controlled ventilation is recommended. Prone position should be performed in patients with Pao2/Fio2≤100 mmHg. For patients admitted to icU with coviD-19 interstitial pneumonia, we do not recommend empiric antibiotic therapy for community-acquired pneumonia. consultation of an infectious disease specialist is suggested before start of any antiviral therapy. In conclusion, the COVID-19 Lombardy ICU Network identified a list of best practice statements supported by

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1234-1245
Number of pages12
JournalMinerva Anestesiologica
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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