Management of Intraocular Infections in HIV

Ilaria Testi, Sarakshi Mahajan, Rupesh Agrawal, Aniruddha Agarwal, Alessandro Marchese, Andre Curi, Moncef Khairallah, Yee Sin Leo, Quan Dong Nguyen, Vishali Gupta

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Overview of treatment options for the most common intraocular opportunistic infections in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), including ocular syphilis, ocular tuberculosis, toxoplasmic chorioretinitis, and viral retinitis. Method: Narrative Review. Results: Despite the huge advances in the development of combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) for the management of patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, opportunistic infections still represent a significant diagnostic dilemma and cause of ocular morbidity in patients with HIV. Conclusion: Although the treatment of intraocular infections in patients with AIDS may be challenging, prompt assessment of the clinical features and appropriate aggressive management of the underlying etiology are critical to avoid life and vision threatening.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1099-1108
Number of pages10
JournalOcular Immunology and Inflammation
Volume28
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2 2020

Keywords

  • combined active retroviral therapy (cART)
  • human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • intraocular infections
  • ocular syphilis
  • ocular toxoplasmosis
  • ocular tuberculosis
  • Opportunistic infections
  • treatment
  • viral retinitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Ophthalmology

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