Between 1964 and 1990 inclusive, 204 consecutive naive patients with penile cancer and 14 patients with recurrence in the inguinal nodes have been referred at INT, Milano. Nodal metastases occurred in 100% of category T3, T4 patients, in 82% T2, in 60% G2-3 T1 and only in 16.5% of G1 T1. Out of the 47 patients who had primary ileoinguinal lymphadenectomy, 16 (34%) had negative nodes, versus 100% metastases in the 25 patients operated during the follow-up. The relapse rate was 45% in the 31 patients treated only surgically in the 1964-77 period, versus 16% in the 25 cases submitted to adjuvant chemotherapy between 1978 and 1990. All 4 relapses in the adjuvant treatment group occurred in the 8 patients with bilateral metastases. Twenty-six patients had fixed inguinal nodes: the first 10 were treated with radiotherapy, with or without methotrexate or bleomycin, and the last 16 have been submitted to neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Only one patient of the first group could be operated and all 10 died of cancer within 3 years. On the contrary, 9 (56%) of the 16 patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy could undergo subsequent surgery and 5 (31%) are alive disease free since over 5 years. Prophylactic lymphadenectomy may be indicated in all T2, T3, T4 patients and in indifferentiated T1 tumors. Adjuvant and neoadjuvant chemotherapy can improve the results of radical surgery, significantly.
|Translated title of the contribution||Management of lymph-node metastases from squamous cell carcinoma of the penis: The National Cancer Institute of Milan experience|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Archivio Italiano di Urologia e Andrologia|
|Publication status||Published - 1996|
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