Two patients with complex congenital heart defects (a 4-year-old with transposition of the great arteries, ventricular septal detect, and left ventricular outflow tract obstruction and a 3 1 2-year-old with double-outlet right ventricle, subpulmonary stenosis, and complete atrioventricular septal defect) suffered multiple major hemorrhages from the tracheobronchial tree (28 and 7 bleeding events, respectively). Successful management included tracheostomy, sedation and paralysis, systemic hypotension, and systemic hypothermia for a period of seven days. Both patients survived.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine