Management of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer: A focus on radium-223: Opinions and suggestions from an expert multidisciplinary panel

Sergio Baldari, Giuseppe Boni, Roberto Bortolus, Orazio Caffo, Giario Conti, Giuseppe De Vincentis, Fabio Monari, Giuseppe Procopio, Daniele Santini, Ettore Seregni, Riccardo Valdagni

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


Radium-223, a calcium mimetic bone-seeking radionuclide that selectively targets bone metastases with alpha particles, is approved for the treatment of men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) and symptomatic bone metastases. In patients with mCRPC, treatment with radium-223 has been associated with survival benefit, regardless of prior docetaxel use, and also has a positive impact on symptomatic skeletal events and quality of life. Radium-223 is best suited for patients with symptomatic mCRPC and bone-predominant disease and no visceral metastases, and may lead to better outcomes when given early in the course of the disease. An expert multidisciplinary panel convened in Milan, Italy to review the current best-evidence literature on radium-223 and to convey their personal expertise with the use of radium-223 and identify possible strategies for best practice. This article summarizes the best available evidence for the use of radium-223, discusses the essential role of the multidisciplinary team in delivering effective treatment for mCRPC, clarifies pre- and post-treatment evaluation and monitoring, and outlines future scenarios for radium-223 in the treatment of men with MCRPC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-51
Number of pages9
JournalCritical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2017



  • Alpha emitters
  • Bone metastases
  • Metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer
  • Radiopharmaceuticals
  • Radium-223
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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