Management of periprosthetic shoulder infections with the use of a permanent articulating antibiotic spacer

Antonio Pellegrini, Claudio Legnani, Vittorio Macchi, Enzo Meani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Management of periprosthetic shoulder infections (PSIs) still remains challenging. We conducted a retrospective case study to assess the outcomes of definitive articulating antibiotic spacer implantation in a cohort of elderly, low-demanding patients. We hypothesized that in patients with low functional demands seeking pain relief with chronic PSIs, treatment with a definitive articulating antibiotic spacer would lead to satisfying results concerning eradication of the infection, improvement of pain, and improving shoulder function. Materials and methods: 19 patients underwent definitive articulating antibiotic spacer implantation for the treatment of an infected shoulder arthroplasty. Mean age at surgery was 70.2 years. Patients were assessed pre-operatively with functional assessment including Constant-Murley score, and objective examination comprehending ROM, visual analog scale pain score, and patient subjective satisfaction (excellent, good, satisfied, or unsatisfied) score. Radiographs were taken to examine signs of loosening, and change in implant positioning. Results: At the most recent follow-up, none of the patients had clinical or radiographic signs suggesting recurrent infection. Most patients reported satisfying subjective and objective outcomes. Follow-up examination showed significant improvement of all variables compared to pre-operative values (p < 0.001). Radiographs did not show progressive radiolucent lines or change in the position of the functional spacer. In one case, glenoid osteolysis was reported, which did not affect the clinical outcome. Conclusions: In selected elderly patients with low functional demands seeking pain relief with infected shoulder arthroplasty, definitive management with a cement spacer is a viable treatment option that helps in eradicating shoulder infection and brings satisfying subjective and objective outcomes. Level of Evidence: Case series, Level IV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)605-609
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Volume138
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2018

Keywords

  • Antibiotic spacer
  • Elderly patients
  • Infected shoulder arthroplasty
  • Periprosthetic shoulder infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Management of periprosthetic shoulder infections with the use of a permanent articulating antibiotic spacer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this