Purpose: The aim of the present study was to analyze the management of single dental extractions and postoperative bleeding in patients with a diagnosis of factor V deficiency. A careful evaluation of each case will allow the team to categorize the risk and operate safely, minimizing the incidence of intraoperative and postoperative complications. If necessary, the oral-maxillofacial surgeon can choose to do so in collaboration with the hematologist on a case-by-case basis. Patients and Methods: The present retrospective study included 5 patients with mild congenital factor V deficiency who had undergone at least 1 dental extraction. Mouth rinse with tranexamic acid, nonresorbable sutures, and gelatin sponge packed in the alveolar socket were used to obtain hemostasis. No systemic therapies, such as fresh frozen plasma, platelet concentrate, or recombinant activated factor VII, were administered. Results: Twenty-five teeth were extracted. The factor V plasma levels ranged from 14.1 to 22.4%. Local antihemorrhagic treatments resulted in good hemostasis. No hemorrhagic complications or intraoperative or postoperative major bleeding was observed. Conclusions: Dental extractions appear to be safe procedures for patients with mild factor V deficiency when a bleeding risk assessment has been performed in conjunction with a hematologist and an appropriate treatment protocol is followed. Our treatment protocol was found to be effective and well tolerated by all the patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Oral Surgery