Objectives: To review the treatment, toxicity, and outcomes in patients with Stage II seminoma after orchidectomy. Materials and methods: A retrospective chart review of all patients with Stage II seminoma referred for initial treatment, from 1965 to 2005, was performed. Treatment approaches, toxicity, and outcomes were analyzed. Results: A total of 106 patients (83 with Stage IIA, 19 with Stage IIB, and 4 with Stage IIC) were seen between 1965 and 2005. Median age at diagnosis was 36 years (range: 19-71). Median follow-up was 21 years (range: 1.2-42). Eighty-nine patients were treated with adjuvant radiotherapy alone; 13 patients received a combined treatment modality with chemotherapy and radiotherapy after orchidectomy, 4 patients were treated with chemotherapy alone. Generally the treatment was well tolerated, with the main toxicity occurring in patients treated with extended-field radiotherapy. The 5-year disease-specific survival was 96% for the entire group. The 5-year relapse-free survivals for Stages IIA, IIB, and IIC disease were 94%, 72.5%, and 75%, respectively. Fifteen patients developed a relapse and were managed by chemotherapy; 5 of them achieved complete remission and remain free from further recurrence at last follow-up, while 10 died of the disease. Second malignancies were diagnosed in 4 (3.7%) patients during the follow-up. Conclusions: In Stage IIA seminoma, radiotherapy continues to provide excellent results, as the majority of patients will be cured with this treatment alone. Radiotherapy or chemotherapy should be offered as an alternative to Stage IIB patients. Chemotherapy remains the treatment of choice for Stage IIC seminoma.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2009|
- Stage II
- Testicular seminoma
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