Managing failure to antiretroviral drugs in HIV-1-infected patients

Nicola Gianotti, A. Lazzarin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Managing failure to antiretroviral therapies implies the addressing of several issues: the clinical stage, the virological and the immunological response to the failing regimen, together with drug history, resistance and exposure. Each of these issues will be discussed with the aim of providing useful data to design an optimal antiretroviral rescue therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-18
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2003


  • Antiretroviral drugs
  • Drug failure
  • Drug resistance
  • HIV
  • Pharmacokinetic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology


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