Manipulating intracellular Ca2+ signals to stimulate therapeutic angiogenesis in cardiovascular disorders

Francesco Moccia, Roberto Berra-Romani, Vittorio Rosti

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are mobilized in peripheral blood to rescue blood perfusion in ischemic tissues. Several approaches were, therefore, designed to inject autologous EPCs and induce therapeutic angiogenesis in patients affected by cardiovascular disorders. Endothelial colony forming cells (ECFCs) represent the only truly endothelial precursors and are regarded as the most suitable substrate for cell based therapy of ischemic diseases. Intracellular Ca2+ signalling drives ECFC proliferation, migration, homing and neovessel formation. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) triggers repetitive oscillations in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in peripheral blood-and umbilical cord blood-derived ECFCs by initiating a dynamic interplay between inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3)-dependent Ca2+ release and store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE). SOCE, in turn, is mediated by Stim1, Orai1 and Transient Receptor Potential (TRP) Canonical 1 (TRPC1). Intriguingly, intracellular Ca2+ oscillations are triggered by TRPC3 in umbilical cord blood-derived ECFCs, which display higher proliferative potential. Additionally, stromal cell-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α) triggers a biphasic increase in [Ca2+]i in ECFCs which is mediated by InsP3 receptors (InsP3Rs) and SOCE. Finally, arachidonic acid (AA) and nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) stimulate ECFC proliferation by stimulating two-pore channel 1 (TPC1), thereby promoting Ca2+ release from the endolysosomal Ca2+ compartment. AA-evoked Ca2+ signals are further supported by InsP3Rs and TRP Vanilloid 4 (TRPV4). In this article, we describe how genetic manipulation of the Ca2+ toolkit (i.e. TRPC3, SOCE, TPC1) endowed to circulating ECFCs could rejuvenate or restore their reparative phenotype for therapeutic angiogenesis purposes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)686-699
Number of pages14
JournalCurrent Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
Volume19
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • Ca signalling
  • Cardiovascular disorders
  • Endothelial colony forming cells
  • Endothelial progenitor cells
  • Store-operated Ca entry
  • Therapeutic angiogenesis
  • TRPC3
  • Two-pore channel 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Pharmaceutical Science

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