Mapping of early and late human somatosensory evoked brain potentials to phasic galvanic painful stimulation

Claudio Babiloni, Fabio Babiloni, Filippo Carducci, Febo Cincotti, Fabrizio Rosciarelli, Paolo Maria Rossini, Lars Arendt-Nielsen, Andrew C N Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In the present study, we modeled the spatiotemporal evolution of human somatosensory evoked cortical potentials (SEPs) to brief median-nerve galvanic painful stimulation. SEPs were recorded (-50 to +250 ms) from 12 healthy subjects following nonpainful (reference), slight painful, and moderate painful stimulations (subjective scale). Laplacian transformation of scalp SEPs reduced head volume conduction effects and annulled electric reference influence. Typical SEP components to the galvanic nonpainful stimulation were contralateral frontal P20-N30-N60-N120-P170, central P22-P40, and parietal N20-P30-P60-P120 (N = negativity, P = positivity, number = latency in ms). These components were observed also with the painful stimulations, the N60, N120, P170 having a longer latency with the painful than nonpainful stimulations. Additional SEP components elicited by the painful stimulations were parietomedian P80 as well as central N125, P170 (cP170), and P200. These additional SEP components included the typical vertex negative-positive complex following transient painful stimulations. Latency of the SEP components exclusively elicited by painful stimulation is highly compatible with the involvement of A delta myelinated fibers/spinothalamic pathway. The topography of these components is in line with the response of both nociceptive medial and lateral systems including bilateral primary sensorimotor and anterior cingulate cortical areas. The role of attentive, affective, and motor aspects in the modulation of the reported SEP components merits investigation in future experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-179
Number of pages12
JournalHuman Brain Mapping
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2001

Keywords

  • EEG, median-nerve somatosensory-evoked potentials (SEPs)
  • Human cerebral cortex
  • Phasic painful stimulation
  • Surface Laplacian

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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