Autoantibodies against DNA topoisomerase II α have been identified in the sera of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). To map topoisomerase II autoepitopes, we tested by ELISA and immunoblotting the IPF anti-topoisomerase II-positive sera against a series of recombinant proteins which covered the full length of topoisomerase II α. Specific patterns of reactivity were observed, indicating the existence of multiple epitopes on topoisomerase II, either highly complex or conformational/discontiguous or conformational/contiguous ones. The latter resided in amino acid residues 854-1147 and 1370-1447. A detailed analysis of these regions was undertaken, but we were not able to pinpoint a sequential peptide-sized epitope, or any significant homology with foreign pathogens. Further, we observed a significant correlation between the progression from a contiguous to a quaternary/tertiary structure-dependent autoepitope and the disease duration but not with the disease severity. Therefore, this result supports the hypothesis that anti-topoisomerase II autoreactivity evolves following an antigen-driven process.
- Epitope mapping
- Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
- Topoisomerase II
ASJC Scopus subject areas