Mast cells contribute to coronavirus-induced inflammation: New anti-inflammatory strategy

S. K. Kritas, G. Ronconi, Al Caraffa, C. E. Gallenga, R. Ross, P. Conti

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorialpeer-review

Abstract

Coronavirus, which can cause respiratory syndrome, to date has affected over seventeen thousand individuals, especially in China. Coronavirus is interspecies and can also be transmitted from man to man, with an incubation ranging from 1 to 14 days. Human coronavirus infections can induce not only mild to severe respiratory diseases, but also inflammation, high fever, cough, acute respiratory tract infection and dysfunction of internal organs that may lead to death. Coronavirus infection (regardless of the various types of corona virus) is primarily attacked by immune cells including mast cells (MCs), which are located in the submucosa of the respiratory tract and in the nasal cavity and represent a barrier of protection against microorganisms. The virus activates MCs which release early inflammatory chemical compounds including histamine and protease; while late activation provokes the generation of pro-inflammatory IL-1 family members including IL-1 and IL-33. Here, we propose for the first time that inflammation by coronavirus may be inhibited by anti-inflammatory cytokines belonging to the IL-1 family members.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-14
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Volume34
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Coronavirus
  • Immunity
  • Infection
  • Inflammation
  • Mast cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Physiology
  • Immunology
  • Oncology
  • Endocrinology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cancer Research

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