Maternal Serum B Cell activating factor in hypertensive and normotensive pregnancies

J. Tay, A. Costanzi, K. Basello, G. Piuri, E. Ferrazzi, A. F. Speciani, C. C. Lees

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: The objective of this study was the analysis of B-Cell Activating Factor (BAFF) levels in pregnancies affected by PE, and in pregnancies affected by fetal growth restriction without Hypertensive disorders and its possible correlation with pulse wave velocity and cardiac output. Study design: Prospective study of 69 women at 24–40 weeks gestation. Haemodynamic function was assessed in those with Pre-eclampsia (PE, n = 19), fetal growth restriction (FGR, n = 10) and healthy pregnancies (n = 40). Maternal venous BAFF levels at recruitment were measured using ELISA. We analysed the relationship between BAFF and cardiac output (CO), and BAFF and PWV (pulse wave velocity); the gold standard for assessing arterial stiffness. PWV was measured with an oscillometric device and CO using inert gas rebreathing technique. PWV and CO were converted to gestation adjusted indices (z scores). Main outcome measures: The association between BAFF levels in PE and FGR, and the relationship of BAFF with PWV and CO. Results: BAFF was higher in PE (p = 0.03) but not in FGR (p = 0.83) when compared to healthy pregnancies. There was a positive correlation between BAFF levels and z score PWV (r = 0.25, p = 0.04), but not CO (r = −0.01, p = 0.91). BAFF levels did not change with gestational age. (r = 0.012, p = 0.925). Conclusions: These findings provide evidence of a possible contribution of BAFF to both maternal inflammation and arterial dysfunction associated with PE. Though no relationship was found with another disorder of placentation: normotensive FGR, this condition is not thought to be associated with maternal inflammation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-61
Number of pages4
JournalPregnancy Hypertension
Volume13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2018

Keywords

  • Arterial function
  • BAFF
  • Fetal growth restriction
  • Pre-eclampsia
  • Pulse wave velocity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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