Maximizing the impact of E-Therapy and Serious Gaming: Time for a paradigm shift

Theresa M. Fleming, Derek de Beurs, Yasser Khazaal, Andrea Gaggioli, Giuseppe Riva, Cristina Botella, Rosa M. Baños, Filippo Aschieri, Lynda M. Bavin, Annet Kleiboer, Sally Merry, Ho Ming Lau, Heleen Riper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Internet interventions for mental health, including serious games, online programs, and apps, hold promise for increasing access to evidence-based treatments and prevention. Many such interventions have been shown to be effective and acceptable in trials; however, uptake and adherence outside of trials is seldom reported, and where it is, adherence at least, generally appears to be underwhelming. In response, an international Collaboration On Maximizing the impact of E-Therapy and Serious Gaming (COMETS) was formed. In this perspectives' paper, we call for a paradigm shift to increase the impact of internet interventions toward the ultimate goal of improved population mental health. We propose four pillars for change: (1) increased focus on user-centered approaches, including both user-centered design of programs and greater individualization within programs, with the latter perhaps utilizing increased modularization; (2) Increased emphasis on engagement utilizing processes such as gaming, gamification, telepresence, and persuasive technology; (3) Increased collaboration in program development, testing, and data sharing, across both sectors and regions, in order to achieve higher quality, more sustainable outcomes with greater reach; and (4) Rapid testing and implementation, including the measurement of reach, engagement, and effectiveness, and timely implementation. We suggest it is time for researchers, clinicians, developers, and end-users to collaborate on these aspects in order to maximize the impact of e-therapies and serious gaming.

Original languageEnglish
Article number65
JournalFrontiers in Psychiatry
Issue numberAPR
Publication statusPublished - Apr 18 2016


  • CCBT
  • Computerized therapy
  • Implementation
  • Serious games

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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