MC1R stimulation by α-MSH induces catalase and promotes its re-distribution to the cell periphery and dendrites

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23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We demonstrated a direct correlation between melanogenic and catalase activities on in vitro and ex vivo models. Here, we investigated whether the stimulation of Melanocortin-1 Receptor (MC1R) could influence catalase expression, activity and cellular localization. For this purpose, we treated B16-F0 melanoma cells with α-Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone (α-MSH) and we showed a rapid induction of catalase through a cAMP/PKA-dependent, microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) independent mechanism, acting at post-transcriptional level. Moreover, α-MSH promoted a partial re-distribution of catalase to the cell periphery and dendrites. This work strengthens the correlation between melanogenesis and anti-oxidants, demonstrating the induction of catalase in response to a melanogenic stimulation, such as α-MSH-dependent MC1R activation. Moreover, this study highlights catalase regulatory mechanisms poorly known, and attributes to α-MSH a protective role in defending melanocytes, and possibly keratinocytes, not only on the basis of its pigmentary action, but also for its capacity to stimulate a quick anti-oxidant defence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-275
Number of pages13
JournalPigment Cell and Melanoma Research
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2010

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Receptor, Melanocortin, Type 1
Melanocyte-Stimulating Hormones
Dendrites
Catalase
Oxidants
Microphthalmia-Associated Transcription Factor
Experimental Melanomas
Melanocytes
Keratinocytes
Chemical activation

Keywords

  • α-MSH
  • Anti-oxidants
  • Catalase
  • Melanocortin 1 receptor
  • Melanogenesis
  • Melanosomes
  • Photo-protection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Oncology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

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title = "MC1R stimulation by α-MSH induces catalase and promotes its re-distribution to the cell periphery and dendrites",
abstract = "We demonstrated a direct correlation between melanogenic and catalase activities on in vitro and ex vivo models. Here, we investigated whether the stimulation of Melanocortin-1 Receptor (MC1R) could influence catalase expression, activity and cellular localization. For this purpose, we treated B16-F0 melanoma cells with α-Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone (α-MSH) and we showed a rapid induction of catalase through a cAMP/PKA-dependent, microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) independent mechanism, acting at post-transcriptional level. Moreover, α-MSH promoted a partial re-distribution of catalase to the cell periphery and dendrites. This work strengthens the correlation between melanogenesis and anti-oxidants, demonstrating the induction of catalase in response to a melanogenic stimulation, such as α-MSH-dependent MC1R activation. Moreover, this study highlights catalase regulatory mechanisms poorly known, and attributes to α-MSH a protective role in defending melanocytes, and possibly keratinocytes, not only on the basis of its pigmentary action, but also for its capacity to stimulate a quick anti-oxidant defence.",
keywords = "α-MSH, Anti-oxidants, Catalase, Melanocortin 1 receptor, Melanogenesis, Melanosomes, Photo-protection",
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T1 - MC1R stimulation by α-MSH induces catalase and promotes its re-distribution to the cell periphery and dendrites

AU - Maresca, Vittoria

AU - Flori, Enrica

AU - Bellei, Barbara

AU - Aspite, Nicaela

AU - Kovacs, Daniela

AU - Picardo, Mauro

PY - 2010/4

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N2 - We demonstrated a direct correlation between melanogenic and catalase activities on in vitro and ex vivo models. Here, we investigated whether the stimulation of Melanocortin-1 Receptor (MC1R) could influence catalase expression, activity and cellular localization. For this purpose, we treated B16-F0 melanoma cells with α-Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone (α-MSH) and we showed a rapid induction of catalase through a cAMP/PKA-dependent, microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) independent mechanism, acting at post-transcriptional level. Moreover, α-MSH promoted a partial re-distribution of catalase to the cell periphery and dendrites. This work strengthens the correlation between melanogenesis and anti-oxidants, demonstrating the induction of catalase in response to a melanogenic stimulation, such as α-MSH-dependent MC1R activation. Moreover, this study highlights catalase regulatory mechanisms poorly known, and attributes to α-MSH a protective role in defending melanocytes, and possibly keratinocytes, not only on the basis of its pigmentary action, but also for its capacity to stimulate a quick anti-oxidant defence.

AB - We demonstrated a direct correlation between melanogenic and catalase activities on in vitro and ex vivo models. Here, we investigated whether the stimulation of Melanocortin-1 Receptor (MC1R) could influence catalase expression, activity and cellular localization. For this purpose, we treated B16-F0 melanoma cells with α-Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone (α-MSH) and we showed a rapid induction of catalase through a cAMP/PKA-dependent, microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) independent mechanism, acting at post-transcriptional level. Moreover, α-MSH promoted a partial re-distribution of catalase to the cell periphery and dendrites. This work strengthens the correlation between melanogenesis and anti-oxidants, demonstrating the induction of catalase in response to a melanogenic stimulation, such as α-MSH-dependent MC1R activation. Moreover, this study highlights catalase regulatory mechanisms poorly known, and attributes to α-MSH a protective role in defending melanocytes, and possibly keratinocytes, not only on the basis of its pigmentary action, but also for its capacity to stimulate a quick anti-oxidant defence.

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KW - Anti-oxidants

KW - Catalase

KW - Melanocortin 1 receptor

KW - Melanogenesis

KW - Melanosomes

KW - Photo-protection

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