Objective: To assess the frequency of variants, including biallelic pathogenic variants, in minichromosome maintenance 8 (MCM8) and minichromosome maintenance 9 (MCM9), other genes related to MCM8-MCM9, and DNA damage repair (DDR) pathway in participants with primary ovarian insufficiency (POI). Design: MCM8, MCM9, and genes encoding DDR proteins that have been implicated in reproductive aging were sequenced among POI participants. Setting: Academic research institution. Participants: All were diagnosed with POI prior to age 40 years and presented with elevated folliclestimulating hormone levels. Interventions: None. Main Outcome Measures:Weidentified nucleotide variants inMCM8, MCM9, and genes thought to be involved in the DNA damage response pathway and/or implicated in reproductive aging. Results: MCM8 was sequenced in 155 POI participants, whereas MCM9 was sequenced in 151 participants. Three of 155 (2%) participants carried possibly damaging heterozygous variants in MCM8, whereas 7 of 151 (5%) individuals carried possibly damaging heterozygous variants in MCM9. One participant carried a novel homozygous variant, c.1651C>T, p.Gln551∗, inMCM9, which is predicted to introduce a premature stop codon in exon 9. Biallelic damaging heterozygous variants in both MCM8 and MCM9 were identified in 1 participant. Of a total of 10 participants carrying damaging heterozygous variants in either MCM8 or MCM9, 2 individuals carried heterozygous damaging variants in genes associated with either MCM8 or MCM9 or the DDR pathway. Conclusions: We identified a significant number of potentially damaging and novel variants in MCM8 and MCM9 among participants with POI and examined multiallelic association with variants in DDR and MCM8-MCM9 interactome genes. © 2017 by the Endocrine Society.