Homoharringtonine (HHT) is a new drug with antileukemic activity which is currently tested for treatment of acute and chronic leukemias, either alone or in combination with other agents. Since HHT showed a low efficacy in refractory and relapsed acute leukemia and in the blastic phase of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) which are frequently characterized by an overexpression of the multidrug resistance (MDR)-related P170-glycoprotein, we postulated a relationship between the poor antileukemic effect of HHT in these leukemias and the expression of P170-glycoprotein. For this reason, sensitive (LOV0109 and CEM) and MDR (LOVO DX and CEM VLB) cell lines were exposed to HHT with or without some MDR modifiers, namely, Cyclosporine A (CyA), the Cyclosporine derivative SDZ PSC 833 (PSC), and the D-isomer of Verapamil (DVRP). It was found that MDR cells were about 15 times more resistant to HHT than non-MDR cells, and that resistance to HHT was significantly decreased by all the MDR modifiers that were tested. This in vitro study showed that HHT belongs to the category of MDR related drugs, like anthracyclines, vinca alkaloids, epipodophylline derivatives, and taxol.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 1995|
- Cell lines
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research